Exploring the History of Central Asia, Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy: The Bright Path Illuminated by the Enlightenment

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By Research Archive Posted on Jan 4, 2023
In Category - Research
Shavkat Miralimov Science Research (Science Publishing Group) 2022
Uzbekistan
Abstract
The article talks about the life and multifaceted activities of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, a faithful son of the Uzbek people, the father of the Turkestan Jadid movement, a legal scholar, a great enlightener and intellectual, who sacrificed his life in the struggle for independence of the nation. The life of the great reformer Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, the genius of human intellect, was extremely difficult and full of contradictions like the turbulent period of late 19th and early 20th century. Hundred years after Behbudiy’s tragic death, his life serves as an exemplary lesson for the young people of present days. The social life of Turkestan in the end of the 19th century is highlighted with the rise of new movement that was destined to play an important role in the region’s political processes. The movement called “Jadidism” (from the Arabic word “Jadid” for ‘new”), united the most progressive thinking intellectuals of the region. Jadidism, having originated as a movement of social thought and initially limited by the framework of ideas aimed at reforming school education, went through a difficult path of development, reaching the point of turning into a powerful political movement with definite political requirements of the national-state self-government of Turkestan. This evolution of the Jadidism movement in Turkestan had become possible due the great contribution of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy and his multi-faceted work. On the onset of the 20th century, in the pursuit for the national development, enlightenment and education, the Turkestani Jadidists – Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, Abdulla Avloniy, Munawwar Qori, Abdullah Qodiriy, and many others – realized that in the existing state of colonial exclusion, separated and dispersed rebellions, prevalent ignorance and intolerance, the society’s advancement would not be possible to achieve nor there would be a hope for the spiritual and national liberation. It is hard to fully appreciate the merits of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy in the creation of new-method Jadid schools, in the formation and development of the national press, publishing, librarianship, dramaturgy and theatrical art. The name of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, who spared his life in the struggle for the independence and freedom of the nation, was unjustly forgotten and blown away by the social and political storms of the 20th century. In the modern age of independence, the Republic of Uzbekistan puts emphasis and efforts on restoration of the good name of the great son of the Uzbek people.
Jadidism, Enlightenment, Independence, Autonomy, Reforms, The New Method School, Newspaper, Magazine

The article talks about the life and multifaceted activities of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, a faithful son of the Uzbek people, the father of the Turkestan Jadid movement, a legal scholar, a great enlightener and intellectual, who sacrificed his life in the struggle for independence of the nation. The life of the great reformer Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, the genius of human intellect, was extremely difficult and full of contradictions like the turbulent period of late 19th and early 20th century. Hundred years after Behbudiy’s tragic death, his life serves as an exemplary lesson for the young people of present days. The social life of Turkestan in the end of the 19th century is highlighted with the rise of new movement that was destined to play an important role in the region’s political processes. The movement called “Jadidism” (from the Arabic word “Jadid” for ‘new”), united the most progressive thinking intellectuals of the region. Jadidism, having originated as a movement of social thought and initially limited by the framework of ideas aimed at reforming school education, went through a difficult path of development, reaching the point of turning into a powerful political movement with definite political requirements of the national-state self-government of Turkestan. This evolution of the Jadidism movement in Turkestan had become possible due the great contribution of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy and his multi-faceted work. On the onset of the 20th century, in the pursuit for the national development, enlightenment and education, the Turkestani Jadidists – Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, Abdulla Avloniy, Munawwar Qori, Abdullah Qodiriy, and many others – realized that in the existing state of colonial exclusion, separated and dispersed rebellions, prevalent ignorance and intolerance, the society’s advancement would not be possible to achieve nor there would be a hope for the spiritual and national liberation. It is hard to fully appreciate the merits of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy in the creation of new-method Jadid schools, in the formation and development of the national press, publishing, librarianship, dramaturgy and theatrical art. The name of Mahmudkhodja Behbudiy, who spared his life in the struggle for the independence and freedom of the nation, was unjustly forgotten and blown away by the social and political storms of the 20th century. In the modern age of independence, the Republic of Uzbekistan puts emphasis and efforts on restoration of the good name of the great son of the Uzbek people.

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